Data: "OECD Health Data 2020, representing “practicing midwives” except: Canadian data reflect "professionally active" midwives; U.S. data reflect midwives "licensed to practice." Data for professionals "licensed to practice" tend to be higher than data for "professionally active," while numbers of "practicing" professionals tend to be the lowest. Data for 2018 except 2017 for Australia, Canada, Sweden, and 2015 for the U.S. Reflects midwifery professionals and midwifery associate professionals as defined by the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08 codes 2222 and 3222, respectively). U.S. data reflect certified nurse-midwives (CNM), certified midwives (CM), and certified professional midwives (CPM) by the AMCB, and the NARM, but excludes noncertified midwives (i.e., lay midwives). “Sum” does not reflect total maternity care workforce, since primary care physicians/family practitioners also deliver some care in many countries (not shown here)."
Source: Roosa Tikkanen et al., Maternal Mortality and Maternity Care in the United States Compared to 10 Other Developed Countries (Commonwealth Fund, Nov. 2020). https://doi.org/10.26099/411v-9255
Source: Common Wealth Fund